Anatomy test skeletal system

Blood cell formation is called
hematopoiesis
Yellow marrow is a storage area for
adiposse tissue
Thin, flattened and typically curved bones, such as the ribs and sternum, form____bones
flat
The type of fiber connecting the periosteum to the underlying bone are called
sharpey’s fibers
A round or oval hole through a bone, which contains blood vessels and/or nerves, is called a
foramen
A large rounded projection on a bone is called a
tuberosity
A fracture where the bone breaks cleanly but doesn’t penetrate the skin is termed a
close simple
An increase in bone diameter is called
appositional
The skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage form the____skeleton
axial
The large hole located in the base of the occipital bone that allows the spinal cord and brain to connect is the
foramen magnum
The external acoustic meatus is found on the
temporal
The thigh bone is called
femur
The disease in which uric acid accumulates in the blood and may be deposited as needle-shaped crystas in the soft tissues of joints is called
gout
The most important minerals stored in bones are
calcium and phosphorus
The arrangement of bone tissue shown in figure 5.3 is formed by
osteons
bones of the human body categorized by shape
skull bones- flat bones
The femur, tibia, humerus and radius are all classified as
long bones
What type of tissue covers the epiphysis of bones and reduces friction in the joints
articular cartilage
in adults, the function of the yellow marrow is
store adipose tissue
What tiny canal connects central canals to lacunae in compact bone
canaliculus
The bone cells that respond to parathyroid hormone (PTH) to destroy bone matrix and release calcium into the blood are called
osteoclasts
A shallow basin-like depression in a bone often serving as a particular surface is a
fossa
A round oval opening theough a bone is a
foramen
which of the following bones is not considered part of the appendicular skeleton
sternum
The canal that runs through the core of each osteon contains
blood vessels and nerve fibers
The small cavities in bone tissue where osteocytes are found are called
lacunae
what kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryon
hyaline cartilage
which of the following is an example of a bone that forms fibrous membranes
the parietal bone
The factors that determine where bone matrix is to be remodeled is
stresses of gravity and muscle pull of the skeleton
There are four stages in the healing of a bone fracture
hematoma formation, fibrocartilage callus formation, bony callus formation, bone remodeling
Bone growth that occurs due to weigh tlifting at age 40 is most likely
appositional ossification
A compound fracture can be described as when
the broken bone is exposed to the outside
A bone fracture where the bone is broken into many fragments is a
comminuted fracture
A fracture that is common in children, whose bones have relatively more collagen in the matrix and are more flexible that those of adults is a
greenstick fracture
The axial skeleton contains
skull, ribs and sternum, vertebrae
The suture found between the parietal and temporal bone is the
squamous suture
All of the following facial bones are paired except for one
vomer
The fibrous connections between the bones of a fetal skull are
fontanels
The hyoid bone is unique because
it is the only bone that does not articulate directly with another bone
The sella turcica is part of the
sphenoid
How many true ribs do humans have
seven
Transverse foramina are found in the
cervical vertebrae
The atlas is the
first cervical vertebra
Which s the correct order of ribs, from superior to inferior
true ribs, false ribs, floating ribs
The tailbone is the
coccyx
Which of the following is correct of the female pelvis when comparing it with the male pelvis
the female pelvic ischial are more separated
The type of joint shown in the figure 5.4 is
a synovial joint
A structure found on the femur is the
intercondylar fossa
Articulations permiting only slight degrees of movement are____, whereas articulations permiting no movements are called______
amphiarthroses, synarthroses
The wrist bones are actually
carpals
Which of these bones is not a long bone found in the leg
patella
Four of the five answers listed below are parts of the same anatomical are. Select the exception
fibula
Bone formation can be referred to as
ossification
Hematopoiesis refers to the formation of blood cells within the red marrow cavities of certain bones
True
Articular cartilage covers the diaphysis of long bones
False
The arrangement of lamellae around central canals forms osteons
True
Osteoblasts responf to the parathyroid hormone (PTH)
False
The master gland of th body (pituitary gland) is housed in a saddlelike depression in the temporal bone called the sella turcica
False
The last two pairs of ribs are called true ribs because the have no anterior attachements
False
The zygomatic bones form the cheekbones
True
The spinal cord passes through the body of each vertebra
False
The intervertebral discs that cushionthe spine and absorb shock are composd of fibrocartilage
True
There are seven cervical, twelve thoraci and five lumbar vertebrae
True