calcium and phosphorus flash card

calcium and phosphorus
The most important minerals stored in bones are:
skull bones – flat bones
Which of the following groups of bones in the human body, categorized according to shape, is correct:
long bones
The femur, tibia, humerus, and radius are all classified as:
articular cartilage
What type of tissue covers the epiphysis of bones and reduces friction in the joints:
store adipose tissue
In adults, the function of the yellow marrow is to
bone length is increasing
The presence of an epiphyseal plate indicates that:
canaliculus
What tiny canal connects central canals to lacunae in compact bone
osteoclasts
The bone cells that respond to parathyroid hormone (PTH) to destroy bone matrix and release calcium into the blood are called:
fossa
A shallow, basin-like depression in a bone often serving as an articular surface is a:
foramen
A round or oval opening through a bone is a:
sternum
Which of the following bones is NOT considered part of the appendicular skeleton:
blood vessels and nerve fibers
The canal that runs through the core of each osteon contains:
lacunae
The small cavities in bone tissue where osteocytes are found are called:
hyaline cartilage
What kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryo:
the parietal bone
Which of the following is an example of a bone that forms from fibrous membranes:
stresses of gravity and muscle pull on the skeleton
The factor(s) that determine where bone matrix is to be remodeled is (are):
4, 3, 1, 2
There are four stages in the healing of a bone fracture. Which of the following best illustrates the sequence of these stages:
1. bony callus formation
2. bone remodeling
3. fibrocartilage callus formation
4. hematoma formation
appositional ossification
Bone growth that occurs due to weight lifting at age 40 is most likely:
the broken bone is exposed to the outside
A compound fracture can be described as when:
comminuted fracture
A bone fracture where the bone is broken into many fragments is a
greenstick fracture
A fracture that is common in children, whose bones have relatively more collagen in their matrix and are more flexible than those of adults, is a(n):
compression fracture
A fracture that is common in osteoporotic bones is a(n):
1, 3, 4
The axial skeleton contains:
1. skull
2. arms and legs
3. ribs and sternum
4. vertebrae
5. pelvic girdles
squamous suture
The suture found between the parietal and temporal bone is the:
vomer
All of the following facial bones are paired except one. Which of the following is the unpaired facial bone:
fontanels
The fibrous connections between the bones of a fetal skull are
metacarpals
Which of these bones is associated with the hand
it is the only bone of the body that does not directly articulate with any other bone
The hyoid bone is unique because:
sphenoid
The sella turcica is part of the __________ bone.
seven
How many true ribs do humans have:
cervical vertebrae
Transverse foramina are found in the:
first cervical vertebra
The atlas is the:
true ribs, false ribs, floating ribs
Which is the correct order of ribs, from superior to inferior:
manubrium, body, xiphoid process
The sternum is the result of fusion of three bones called the:
ulna and radius
Which two bones constitute the forearm:
coccyx
The tailbone is the:
the distance between the female ischial spines is greater
Which of the following is correct of the female pelvis when comparing it with the male pelvis:
intercondylar fossa
A structure found on the femur is the
amphiarthroses; synarthroses
Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are __________, whereas articulations permitting no movement are called __________.
carpals
The wrist bones are actually
patella
Which of these bones is NOT a long bone found in the leg:
fibula
Four of the five answers listed below are parts of the same anatomical area. Select the exception
ossification
Bone formation can be referred to as
x

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