History of Spain Essay

The Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed when King Alfonse XIII left the country following municipal elections In which anti-Monarchical candidates won the ma]royalty of votes, and the Spanish population celebrated the beginning of The Republic and social pressure made the political regime change. Its government went into exile on April 1, 1939, when the last of the loyalist Republican forces surrendered to rebel forces (calling themselves nationalities) led by Generalissimo Franco among others at the end of the Spanish Civil War.

In 1930 the military dictatorship of General Miguel Promo De Riviera was overthrown. [2] This led various republican factions from a wide variety of backgrounds to join forces. [3] This was a transition from monarchy to republic. Before Republic II: King Alfonse XIII (went Into exile when republic was established) General Miguel Promo De Riviera (military dictator overthrown when republic was established) During Republic II: 1936 Elections El Fretter Popular left party, formed by republicans, socialists, communists, and left nationalists won the election!

President: Manuel Azans (1936-1939) El Obloquy National right party, monarchist and catholic lost the election La flange In the following months there was Increasing violence between left and right. This helped the development of the Fascist-inspired Flange Espanola, a National party led by JossĀ© Antonio Promo De Riviera, the son of the former dictator, Miguel Promo De Riviera.

Dissolution of republic Antifascist members assassinated Calve Stool, leader of the right-wing opposition (nationalists) and the most prominent Spanish monarchist (1936) Civil War (1936-1939) was fought from 1936 to 1939 between the Republicans, who were loyal to the established Spanish Republic, and the Nationalists, a rebel group led by General Francisco Franco. The Nationalists prevailed, and Franco ruled Spain for the next 36 years, Spain was thus left militarily and politically divided.

The Nationalists, now led by General Francisco Franco, and the Republican government fought it out for the control of the country. The Nationalist forces received munitions and soldiers from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, while the Soviet union and Mexico Intervened in support of the “Loyalist”, or “Republican”, side El totalitarians: at the end of the war, Franco embarked on a fight against opposing lattice parties, using propaganda, censorship, and laws Los Less Fundamentals: in the absence of a Constitution Had a fascist character at this time, similar to Italy and Germany.

Franco had close relationships with Hitler and Mussolini This changed come WI: no longer using fascist symbols or totalistic ideologies Spain’s strong ties with the Axis resulted in its international ostracism in the years following World War II. This changed with the new Cold War that soon followed the end of hostilities in 1945, in the face of which Franc’s strong anti-communism naturally tilted its regime to ally with the United States, and provided ideal ground for the continuation of Franc’s anti-communist regime.

Independent political parties and trade unions were banned throughout the duration of the dictatorship La tranquil: a defensive reaction in which Franco intended to challenge the international community. In reality, it contributed more to the Isolation of Spain at both economic and political/cultural levels 3) Segundo tape del Francisco: decorators, aperture, final (1955-75) On the brink of bankruptcy they adopted a free market economy in 1959 (Plan De Stabilization) The entry implemented several development policies and growth took off creating the “Spanish Miracle”.

Concurrent with the absence of social reforms, and the economic power shift, a tide of mass emigration commenced: Industrialization Tourism 1973-1975: instability Economic level Petroleum Crisis/Oil Shocks (1973) no petroleum in Spain, so they were hit hard Political level Franco dying Career Blanch named Franc’s successor: and then assassinated by the EAT (1973)