Human anatomy practice test 1

D
The point where the scapula and clavicle connect is the
A. Coracoid process
B. Styloid process
C. Glenoid cavity
D. Acromion process
E. Capitulum
A
A site of muscle attachment on the proximal end of the femur is the
A. Greater trochanter
B. Epicondyle
C. Greater tubercle
D. Intercondylar eminence
E. Condyle
E
The distal medial process of the humerus to which the ulna joins is the
A. Epicondyle
B. Deltoid tuberosity
C. Malleolus
D. Capitulum
E. Trochlea
A
Transverse foramina are found only in
A. Cervical vertebrae
B. Thoracic vertebrae
C. Lumbar vertebrae
D. The sacrum
E. The coccyx
C
Which is part of the appendicular skeleton?
A. Cranium
B. Ribs
C. Clavicle
D. Sternum
E. Vertebra
C
A knoblike lump on a bone is called a
A. Spine
B. Facet
C. Tuberosity
D. Sulcus
E. Ramus
C
The mandible articulates with the skull at the
A. Styloid process
B. Occipital condyle
C. Mandibular fossa
D. Zygomatic arch
E. Medial pterygoid
D
The anatomical term that means ” away from the midline of the body” is
A. medial
B. proximal
C. distal
D. lateral
E. superficial
B
The thumb is ____ to the fifth digit (little finger)
A. Distal
B. Lateral
C. Medial
D. Proximal
E. Superficial
E
Which of the following describes the position of the nose?
A. inferior to the chin
B. superior to the forehead
C. posterior to the ears
D. lateral to the eyes
E. superior to the mouth
D
The cervical region is the
A. calf
B. Armpit
C. Hollow behind the knee
D. Neck
E. Thigh
C
The popliteal region is the
A. Calf
B. Armpit
C. Hollow behind the knee
D. Neck
E. Thigh
A
The sural region is the
A. Calf
B. Armpit
C. Hollow behind the knee
D. Neck
E. Thigh
E
The femoral region is the
A. Calf
B. Armpit
C. Hollow behind the knee
D. Neck
E. Thigh
B
The axillary region is the
A. Calf
B. Armpit
C. Hollow behind the knee
D. Neck
E. Thigh
C
What plane divides the body into equal right and left halves?
A. coronal
B. transverse
C. median
D. sagittal
E. frontal
A
A vertical plane that separates the body into right an left portions is called a _____ plane.
A. sagittal
B. transverse
C. frontal
D. horizontal
E. coronal
A
“Cutting off your nose” would be a section in the ____ plane.
A. coronal
B. nasal
C. median
D. transverse
E. sagittal
E
Rotating the forearm so that the palm faces posteriorly is called
A. circumduction
B. rotation
C. hyperextension
D. supination
E. pronation
D
Rotating the forearm so that the palm faces anteriorly is called
A. circumduction
B. rotation
C. hyperextension
D. supination
E. pronation
A
Which of the following pairs of terms are opposites?
A. plantar flexion-dorsiflexion
B. abduction-extension
C. inversion-retraction
D. pronation-rotation
E. elevation-protraction
A
Shrugging the shoulders is an example
A. elevation
B. adduction
C. supination
D. extension
E. pronation
C
The opposite of depression is
A. inversion
B. Protraction
C. elevation
D. pronation
E. flexion
D
The opposite of supination is
A. inversion
B. Protraction
C. elevation
D. pronation
E. flexion
E
The opposite of extension is
A. inversion
B. Protraction
C. elevation
D. pronation
E. flexion
D
Which anatomical term is correctly matched with its description?
A. condyle-a small, rounded bump
B. spine-a low ridge
C. tuberosity- a flate, tongue-shaped process
D. meatus- a tunnel
E. fossa- an edge
B
Which of the following bones is paired?
A. vomer
B. temporal
C. sphenoid
D. mandible
E. maxilla
A
Which of the following bones is a facial bone?
A. maxilla
B. incus
C. hyoid
D. ethmoid
E. sphenoid
A
Which of the following facial bones is correctly matched with its function?
A. maxilla-possesses sockets for teeth
B. comer-forms the hard palate
C. inferior nasal conchae-contain nasolacrimal canals
D. zygomatic- provides attachment point for temporalis muscle
E. temporal- is part of the orbit
B
A person who gets hit on the back of the head might suffer injury to which of these bones?
A. temporal
B. occipital
C. sphenoid
D. zygomatic
E. nasal
A
The sagittal suture is located between the
A. two parietal bones
B. frontal and parietal bones
C. parietal and temporal bones
D. parietal and occipital bones
E. frontal and temporal bones
D
The lambdoidal suture is located between the
A. frontal and parietal bones
B. parietal and temporal bones
C. temporal and occipital bones
D. parietal and occipital bones
E. two parietal bones
D
Which of the following is found inferior to the maxilla and has a posterior articulation with the temporal bone?
A. zygomatic
B. sphenoid
C. parietal
D. mandible
E. palatine bone
B
The maxilla forms the
A. roof of the orbit
B. floor of the orbit
C. lateral wall of the orbit
D. medial wall of the orbit
E. posterior wall of the orbit
C
The pituitary gland (hypophysis) rests in the
A. crista galli
B. cribiform plate
C. sella turcica (hypophyseal fossa)
D. pterygoid canal
E. foramen magnum
D
The olfactory foramina are found in the region of the ethmoid bone known as the
A. crista galli
B. sella turcica
C. ethmoid sinus
D. cribiform plate
E. perpendicular plate
E
The skull bone that forms the chin is also the only bone connected to the skull by a freely movable joint. This bone is the
A. mental bone
B. maxilla
C. hyoid
D. vomer
E. mandible
A
The sella turcica, pterygoid processes, and the greater wings are parts of the
A. sphenoid bone
B. ethmoid bone
C. occipital bone
D. vomer
E. palatine bone
E
Which of the following bones is attached to the skull by only muscles and ligaments?
A. ethmoid
B. frontal
C. sphenoid
D. vomer
E. hyoid
A
Which of the following is a function of the vertebral column?
A. It allows spinal nerves to exit the spinal cord
B. It serves as a passageway for the cranial nerves
C. It contains numerous foramen for the passageway of blood vessels
D. It protects the brain
C
Which of the following statements is true?
A. The first cervical vertebra is called the axis
B. The spinal cord protects the vertebral column
C. Thoracic vertebrae have long, the spinous processes
D. The sacral vertebrae are superior to the lumbar vertebrae
E. Lumbar vertebrae are generally smaller than thoracic vertebrae
D
The coccyx is
A. absent in humans
B. also called the coxa
C. located in the upper lumbar region
D. the most inferior portion of the vertebral column
E. the bottom of the spinal cord
B
The dens (or odontoid process) is on the
A. first cervical vertebra
B. second cervical vertebra
C. first thoracic vertebra
D. second lumbar vertebra
E. coccyx
A
Which of the following vertebral parts is most anterior in location?
A. body
B. lamina
C. spinous process
D. transverse process
E. vertebral arch
C
The ribs articulate with the _____ vertebrae
A. sacral
B. lumbar
C. thoracic
D. cervical
E. coccygeal
D
The first cervical vertebrae is the
A. occipital
B. axis
C. clavicle
D. atlas
E. mastoid
C
The posterior part of the vertebral arch is the
A. intervertebral disk
B. vertebral foramen
C. lamina
D. intervertebral foramen
E. spinous process
C
The upper limb and its girdle are attached rather loosely to the rest of the body. This arrangement:
A. results in a disjointed appearance
B. limits fine coordination of the hands
C. allows a wide range of movements
D. restricts the amount of weight the upper limb can support
E. results in a limited range of motion
B
The collar bone is the
A. sternum
B. clavicle
C. scapula
D. humerus
E. atlas
E
Another name for the shoulder blade is the
A. sternum
B. clavicle
C. acromion
D. xiphoid process
E. scapula
D
The glenoid cavity is where the
A. clavicle articulates with the scapula
B. clavicle articulates with the sternum
C. humerus articulates with the clavicle
D. humerus articulates with the scapula
E. radius articulates with humerus
E
The accordion process
A. is part of the clavicle
B. articulates with the coracoid process
C. forms the most inferior part of the glenoid fossa
D. has no function
E. has an articulation with the clavicle
C
A dislocated shoulder involves separation of the ____ from the scapula
A. radius
B. clavicle
C. humerus
D. manubrium
E. sternum
A
Which of the following is most distal in location on the humerus?
A. trochlea
B. greater tubercle
C. deltoid tuberosity
D. medial epicondyle
E. anatomical neck
E
In a farm accident, a man has his arm served midway between his wrist and his elbow. Which of the following bones was severed?
A. radius
B. humerus
C. clavicle
D. ulna
E. both of the radius and the ulna
B
The wrist is composed of eight
A. tarsal bones
B. carpal bones
C. metacarpal bones
D. metatarsal bones
E. digits
C
Which of the following is not a carpal?
A. scaphoid
B. hamate
C. navicular
D. pisiform
E. trapezium
B
The knuckles of the hand are formed by the distal ends of the
A. carpals
B. metacarpals
C. phalanges
D. tarsals
E. metatarsals
E
A woman pinched her phalanx. She hurt her
A. ear
B. toe
C. cheek
D. finger
E. toe or her finger
B
Which of the following is false?
A. the wrist is the region between the forearm and the hand
B. the olecranon process is located on the distal end of the ulna
C. the distal end of the radius articulates with the ulna and the carpals
B
The greater sciatic notch is found on the
A. inferior edge of the pubis
B. posterior side of the ilium
C. superior edge of the ischium
D. ventral surface of the sacrum
E. inferior edge of the ischium
D
A person sits on his/her
A. iliac fossa
B. pelvic brim
C. pubis symphysis
D. ischial tuberosity
E. obturator foramen
B
Which of the following is not a coxal bone?
A. ischium
B. femur
C. ilium
D. pubic
C
the largest and most superior coxal bone is the
A. ischium
B. femur
C. ilium
D. pubic
E. coccyx
B
The medial malleolus
A. is the proximal portion of the tibia
B. forms the medial side of the ankle joint
C. articulates with the calcaneus
D. is part of the arch of the foot
E. is on the lateral side of the leg
A
The tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia and the fibula is the
A. talus
B. cuboid
C. navicular
D. calcaneus
E. patella
E
The heel of the foot is formed by the
A. talus
B. patella
C. cuboid bone
D. navicular bone
E. calcaneus
C
A patient in a skiing accident is told that the lateral side of the ankle joint has been crushed. The bone that has been injured is the
A. femur
B. tibia
C. fibula
D. calcaneus
E. talus
D
The foot contains
A. carpals
B. a patella
C. metacarpals
D. metatarsals
E. the lateral malleolus
D
The thumb and big toe are similar in that
A. both contain carpal bones
B. each have three metatarsals
C. both are composed of sesamoid bones
D. both have two rather than three phalanges
E. both have three rather than two phalanges
D
A woman who drops something on her foot might injure which of the following bones?
A. vomer
B. pisiform
C. lunate
D. cuneiform
E. metacarpals
E
The greater trochanter is found on the
A. fibula
B. scapula
C. humerus
D. ulna
E. femur
A
The lateral malleolus is part of the
A. fibula
B. scapula
C. humerus
D. ulna
E. femur
A
The hyoid bone is part of the
A. axial skeleton
B. appendicular skeleton
B
The pelvic girdle and lower limb are part of the
A. axial skeleton
B. appendicular skeleton
A
The vertebral column is part of the A. axial skeleton
B. appendicular skeleton
B
The clavicle is part of the
A. axial skeleton
B. appendicular skeleton
A
The sternum is part of the
A. axial skeleton
B. appendicular skeleton
B
The glenoid labrum is part of the _____ joint while the acetabular labrum is part of the _____ joint
A. elbow; knee
B. shoulder; hip
C. shoulder; knee
D. elbow; hip
E. shoulder; elbow
A
The anterior cruciate ligament prevents _____ displacement of the tibia
A. anterior
B. posterior
C. lateral
D. medial
E. radial
C
Which of the following is mismatched?
A. shoulder joint – corahumeral ligament
B. elbow joint – radial collateral ligaments
C. hip joint – cruciate ligaments
D. knee joint – patellar ligaments
E. ankle – calcaneofibular ligament
x

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