A) identity exploration
C) commitment to others
D) self focused
A) economic independence
B) independent decision making
C) holding a more-or-less permanent full-time job
D) graduation from high school
A) College students have a poor understanding of what it takes to prevent illness and promote health.
B) College students clearly see the relationship between their risk of heart attack and their nutrition and exercise habits.
C) In early adulthood, few people stop to think about how their personal lifestyles will affect their health later in their adult lives.
D) Most young adults have realistic beliefs about their future health risks.
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of physical development in early adulthood?
A) reaching the peak of physical performance
B) notice of the decline in physical performance
C) large changes in the sensory systems
D) increase in the body’s fatty tissue
A) a change in the human genome
C) set point
D) environmental factors
A) About 10% of alcoholics recover, whether they are in a treatment program or not.
B) An estimated 20% to 35% of individuals who become alcoholics are believed to have a predisposition towards it.
C) Binge drinking peaks at about age 18.
D) Cultural variations underscore the environment’s role in alcoholism.
A) Men think about sex far more often than women do.
B) Adultery is less common than originally believed.
C) Married and cohabitating people have sex more often than noncohabitating couples.
D) Americans’ sexual lives are more liberal than suggested by previous surveys.
A) Being raised by a gay parent increases one’s likelihood of being homosexual.
B) Sexual orientation is determined by a combination of factors.
C) Male homosexuality is thought to be caused by growing up with a dominant mother and weak father.
D) Female homosexuality is believed to be caused by girls choosing masculine role models.
A) knowing your and your partner’s risk status
B) having protected sex
C) taking acyclovir
D) not having sex with multiple partners
B) Sexual harassment
C) Date rape
D) Acquaintance rape
A) Gisela Labouvie-Vief
B) William Perry
C) Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
D) John Holland
A) absolute; relative
B) qualitative; quantitative
C) absolute; absolute
D) quantitative; qualitative
A) Understanding that arriving at the right answer may require absolute clarity
B) Knowing that the correct answer may vary from situation to situation
C) Being objective and avoiding emotions in decision making
D) Lack of understanding that the search for truth is often never-ending
A) lack of advancement opportunities
B) low salaries
C) forced objectives
D) uncertain job expectations
A) Ethnic diversity is increasing in most developed countries.
B) Work and lack of work can both be sources of stress.
C) In the United States, one-half of all lawyers, physicians, computer scientists, and chemists today are females.
D) Juggling work and family responsibilities is an issue for dual-earner couples.
environmental factors have little impact on obesity.
obesity is primarily a product of a person’s genes.
there is reduced reliance on energy-saving devices.
environmental factors play an important role in obesity.
24 to 26 years of age.
21 to 22 years of age.
16 to 18 yeears of age.
17 to 19 years of age.
return to their parents’ home for brief periods after first leaving.
earn a bachelor’s degree by age 22.
enter graduate school.
view marriage and parenthood as crucial lmarkers of adult status.
18 or 19
20 to 22
23 to 25
26 to 35
The mythical career
The career mystique
The golden handshake
The American dream
By maintaining a distance from both the majority heterosexual culture and the minority lesbian/gay male culture.
By isolating themselves from the majority heterosexual culture.
By balancing the demands of the minority lesbian/gay male culture and the majority heterosexual culture.
By accepting the dictates and bias of the majority heterosexual culture.
Working more hours results in a decline in grades.
Working while in college has largely positive effects.
Working while in college is to be discouraged as it does not contribute to education in any way.
College students who work more hours have better grades than those who do not work.